How to Choose an S&P 500 ETF

what is a spdr

This makes ETFs more liquid and more accessible to ordinary investors. State Street Global Advisors launched the world’s first exchange-traded fund (ETF)—the SPDR S&P 500 fund (SPY)—in 1993. Today, the firm offers more than 140 of the most highly regarded ETFs on the market, an extensive line-up of low-fee funds that track every major asset class and investing strategy.

what is a spdr

Simply, SPDR is one of the ETF investment vehicles that investors can trade like any other stock. However, this is not the only SPDR that an investor can use to realize a diversified investment in the S&P 500. Specifically, the ETF seeks to provide results that match to the total return of the S&P Regional Banks Select Industry Index. The ETF is comprised of 102 companies in the S&P and also derives its value with its NAV, disseminated as a price per share. Spiders are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) after the acquisition of the American Stock Exchange (AMEX) under the ticker symbol SPY.

SPDR S&P 500 Trust ETF

The top 10 holdings account for about 15.99% of total assets under management. When you look at individual holdings, Adecco Group Ag Reg (ADEN) accounts for about 2% of the fund’s total assets, followed by A2a Spa (A2A) and Sumitomo Forestry Co Ltd. WDIV has been able to amass assets over $223.18 million, making it one of the average sized ETFs in the World ETFs. WDIV, before fees and expenses, seeks to match the performance of the S&P Global Dividend Aristocrats Index.

  • Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.
  • It uses artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), speech recognition, and other innovative technology to drive fact-based decision-making.
  • XLE allows investors to gain exposure to companies in the oil & gas industry – whether it be actual producers or equipment and services providers.
  • Therefore, the SPY is suitable for any investors who want to include U.S. equities in their portfolio while taking only a moderate level of risk.

ZacksTrade does not endorse or adopt any particular investment strategy, any analyst opinion/rating/report or any approach to evaluating individual securities. To qualify for inclusion in the index, a company must be an equity owner and operator of commercial or residential real estate. Therefore, mortgage REITs are excluded, as are specialty REITs investing in timber, railroads, cell towers, etc. In addition, service providers such as real estate agents and mortgage brokers are also excluded. However, the underperformance of value stocks for over a decade has made rising interest rates almost irrelevant as many former value investors moved to index funds. When you buy shares of SPY, you become an owner of the fund and are entitled to a share of the fund’s assets and earnings.

SPY Overview

With about 119 holdings, it effectively diversifies company-specific risk. Non-diversified funds that focus on a relatively small number of securities tend to be more volatile than diversified funds and the market as a whole. SPTS has a little over 100 holdings, with an average maturity of 1.91 years, an average yield to maturity of 4.45%, and an average coupon of 2.69%. In terms of years to maturity, more than 56% of the SPDR Portfolio Short Term Treasury ETF’s holdings are 1–2 years, with another 41% at 2-3 years. The short duration makes them less sensitive to interest rate fluctuations. Following the home-country bias theme mentioned previously, the SPDR Dow Jones Global Real Estate ETF (RWO, $40.57) invests about a third of its $1.2 billion in net assets outside the U.S.

If the holdings within the fund fall, the value of each unit/share of SPY will fall as well. The S&P 500 index is composed of U.S. companies across all Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) sectors with an unadjusted market capitalization of $8 billion or greater. Each company in the index must also have had positive earnings in the most recent quarter and over the most recent four quarters. SPDR ETFs are often easier to invest in than individual stocks, but there is still a risk involved. They tend to be a safer investment option than individual stocks and maintain a lower level of volatility while still offering a return on investment. If you’re ready to include SPDRs in your portfolio, here’s a comprehensive list to help you find the right ETF for your investing strategy.

After some initial difficulty finding investors, it soared to more than $1 billion in assets under management (AUM) in just three years. As of August 2023, this ETF trust has grown to more than $408 billion in assets. Whether it’s by virtue of their size or some other factor, SPDR shares are by far the most heavily traded of any S&P 500 ETF. They trade dozens of times as frequently as do Vanguard or iShares S&P 500 ETF shares, making it easy for a prospective seller to convert their holdings to cash. The Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO), introduced by Vanguard in 2010, has more than $304 billion in assets under management as of late-August 2023.

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The actual earnings estimates for the underlying holdings are provided by FactSet, First Call, I/B/E/S Consensus, and Reuters and are used to calculate a mean 3-5 year EPS growth rate estimate. Traders can view the true value of one SPY unit by looking up the symbol “SPY.NV.” It’s updated each morning with the value of holdings. The best-known ETFs by far are passively-managed funds that are benchmarked to a specific index such as the S&P 500 Index. Investors may also want to consider an ETF’s inception date to see how long it has been around. While a newer ETF does not necessarily make it worse, it will have less of a track record and less historical data with which to compare its actual performance. This can result in the ETF returning slightly differently from the benchmark index.

The differences between SPDRs, Vanguard ETFs, and iShares are primarily based on the companies behind these ETFs and which indexes, asset classes, or sectors they cover. But if you are looking for exposure to the S&P 500, for example, which is offered by more than one ETF company, look at the more specific attributes of the fund. The SPY ETF diversifies exposure to the U.S. equity market and is suitable for investors willing to take on a moderate level of risk. Since it tracks the S&P 500 Index, it is often a suitable choice for those seeking passive index investing. The SPY celebrated its 30th birthday on Jan. 22, 2023, by remaining the preeminent S&P 500 ETF despite having higher management fees compared to its younger rivals. While the SPY wasn’t a new strategy when it launched in 1993, it provided a revolutionary way to invest by trading similarly to a stock on an exchange.

  • A small group of stocks has seized the limelight on Wall Street, challenging the widely held belief that gains in the U.S. stock market are a dime a dozen.
  • It, therefore, became the first-ever exchange-traded fund in the history of the United States, issued by the State Street Global Advisors (SSGA), which was an asset management company based in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • An investment portfolio would be incomplete without exposure to international stocks.
  • Stocks included in the index must have a float-adjusted market cap of at least $100 million and sufficient  six- and 12-month daily volume.

IShares MSCI ACWI ETF has $17.85 billion in assets, Vanguard Total World Stock ETF has $28.96 billion. Since cheaper funds tend to produce better results than more expensive funds, assuming all other factors remain equal, it is important for investors to pay attention to an ETF’s expense ratio. You are being directed to ZacksTrade, a division of LBMZ Securities and licensed broker-dealer. The web link between the two companies is not a solicitation or offer to invest in a particular security or type of security.

Like all exchange traded funds, SPDR funds provide investors with dependable diversification plus the ability to buy and sell shares like any other stock on the market. Depending on the fund, SPDR ETFs are good investments because they often charge low fees and typically hold a broadly diversified basket of assets. For individual investors, exchange traded funds from families like SPDR are a great way to build a portfolio. The SPDR S&P 500 ETF (SPY) is an exchange traded fund that tracks the S&P 500 Index. The SPY is considered to be the first ETF, and today it is the largest exchange traded fund by assets under management and is also among the most actively traded ETF by daily volume.


The DIAMONDS were developed, like the original SPDR, by SSGA in cooperation with the American Stock Exchange.[7] DOW DIAMOND shares are designed to track the Dow Jones Industrial Average. This eye-popping number doesn’t just edge past the three-year average of 30; it also overshadows the five-year average of 28. In simple terms, tech stocks are now 15% more costly than they have been over the last three years and a hefty 24% pricier compared to their typical valuation in the last five years. Recent stocks from this report have soared up to +178.7% in 3 months – this month’s picks could be even better.

After-tax returns are calculated based on NAV using the historical highest individual federal marginal income tax rates and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Actual after-tax returns depend on the investor’s tax situation and may differ from those shown. The after-tax returns shown are not relevant to investors who hold their fund shares through tax-deferred arrangements such as 401(k) plans or individual retirement accounts.

But SPY has got plenty of competition for new money from investors. We have chosen not to include the SPDR S&P 500 ETF on the listing above in order to highlight lesser-known funds from the family. Check out our list of the best S&P 500 ETFs for more information on the SPY. The fund has outperformed the S&P 500 for the first five months of 2022—delivering a negative 10.4% loss versus the negative 12.8% slide in the benchmark index.

Exxon Mobil (XOM) and Chevron (CVX) make up 42% of XLE, indicating the fund is mostly a bet on Big Oil. For investors focused on the long term vs the day-to-day of the market, here are seven of the best SPDR ETFs to buy and hold for at least the next few years. best renewable energy stocks Of course, depending on your personal needs, you might load up on certain funds while ignoring others. But this list offers up options for just about every core portfolio objective. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.

It aims to track the Standard & Poor’s (S&P) 500 Index, which comprises 500 large-cap U.S. stocks. These stocks are selected by a committee based on market size, liquidity, and industry. The S&P 500 serves as one of the main benchmarks of the U.S. equity market and indicates the financial health and stability of the economy. In contrast, ETF refers to all other trusts placed in different baskets of securities that can be sold or bought through a brokerage firm participating on a stock exchange. The basket comprises ten types of ETFs, not limited to Market ETFs, Commodity ETFs, Inverse ETFs, Foreign Market ETFs, etc.


Investors buy and sell them like stocks, typically through a brokerage account. Investors can also employ traditional stock trading techniques; including stop orders, limit orders, margin purchases, and short sales using ETFs. Because ETFs trade like stocks at current market prices, shareholders may pay more than a fund’s NAV when purchasing fund shares and may receive less than a fund’s NAV when selling fund shares. The SPDR S&P 500 ETF (SPY) is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that tracks the Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) index. It does this by holding a portfolio of stocks in companies that are included in the S&P 500. It’s easy to find mutual funds with expense ratios 20 times that number.

ETF charges an ultra-low-cost expense ratio and a respectable dividend yield. The fund owns roughly 2,300 stocks, weighted by market capitalization. SPY is listed on the New York Stock Exchange’s (NYSE) Arca exchange, and investors can trade this ETF on multiple platforms. The trustee of the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust is State Street Bank and Trust, and its distributor is ALPS Distributors. Because ETF shares trade in a similar manner to stocks, investors can buy and sell SPY shares via their broker throughout the day, including selling them short.

This speaks volumes about how the market has already priced in exceptional growth when it comes to valuing tech stocks. A glaring sign of this tech-centric surge is the Nasdaq 100’s current valuation compared to that of small-cap stocks, a metric that has now exceeded the peak levels witnessed during the dot-com bubble. A small group of stocks has seized the limelight on Wall Street, challenging the widely held belief that gains in the U.S. stock market are a dime a dozen. The ETF has a beta of 0.81 and standard deviation of 13.95% for the trailing three-year period, making it a low risk choice in the space.

The information is presented without consideration of the investment objectives, risk tolerance, or financial circumstances of any specific investor and might not be suitable for all investors. Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal. Investors should be aware of both world and U.S. economic data, which could affect the performance of the fund.

Fund Sector Breakdown as of Sep 11 2023

State Street Global Advisors addresses this demand with a lineup of sustainable investing ETFs, including broad-based funds and more focused options. The SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust offers investors an efficient way to diversify their exposure to the U.S. equity market without having to invest in multiple stocks. Therefore, the SPY is suitable for any investors who want to include U.S. equities in their portfolio while taking only a moderate level of risk. This is the broad name for a kind of security that aggregates or tracks multiple stocks within an index, industry, or another grouping.

That’s to avoid “home-country bias,” the conscious or unconscious act of sticking to one’s own country when selecting investments. Blue chip stocks Berkshire Hathaway, Apple (AAPL) and JPMorgan Chase (JPM) are the three largest holdings currently in SPDR S&P 1500 Value Tilt ETF, with weights of 2.5%, 2.0%, and 2.0%, respectively. “Value investing as an industry is dead …The money has moved from value investors to index funds and it’s not coming back,” Greenlight Capital founder David Einhorn told CNBC in early 2023. Much like XLE, investing in XLF at this point offers investors a chance to get in on one of the best SPDR ETFs at a discount.

The report stated that an instrument for trading a basket of stocks at one time could prevent the problem in the future. In response, the AMEX and several other organizations developed the SPY. The original ETF launched with $6.53 million in securities and, after initial difficulty persuading institutions to purchase the product, it soared to $1 billion in three years.

Investing involves risk, and you could lose money on an investment in SPDR® Gold MiniShares® Trust (“GLDM®” or “GLDM”), a series of the World Gold Trust. Learn how the unique traits of bond ETFs — liquidity, transparency, and lower costs — can help. This, of course, tracks the S&P 500’s performance with a beta of nearly 1.00. What is important to note is that the SPY ETF, as it fully replicates the index, has a very low relative tracking error—just -0.03% as of July 31, 2023. The price of a share of SPY is intended to be one-tenth that of the S&P 500 Index. So, if the S&P is at a level of 4,000, then one SPY share should trade at close to $400.

Investment return and principal value will fluctuate, so you may have a gain or loss when shares are sold. Performance of an index is not illustrative of any particular investment. All results are historical and assume the reinvestment of dividends and capital gains.